Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks

M, #1621, (2 March 1594/95 - 21 May 1667)
Father*Thomas/a Brooke1 b. s 1565
Appears on charts:Relationship of Henry/1 and Thomas/1 Brooks
Descendants of Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks
Y-DNA Overlay Chart -- CONCORD line
Last Edited:5 Apr 2018

Children with Grace/1 Cunliffe:

The mark of Thomas Brooks, dated 22 Aug 1653. From Pope's Willard Genealogy, pp. vii-viii
Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks Jr. was baptised 2 Mar 1594/95 at Manchester Cathedral, Manchester, Lancashire.2 As a grandson of Richard/b Brooke of Manchester, who made his will 5 Aug 1607, Thomas shared with his three siblings 13s. 4d. to be equally divided among them.3 He married, 2 Feb 1617/18 at Manchester Cathedral, Grace/1 Cunliffe, daughter of William/a Cunliffe and Elizabeth (–?–), "both of this parish."45,6 Four of their children are known to have grown to adulthood and emigrated to New England with their parents, but it is likely that further children were born in the years 1618-1628.7
     Pope says that Thomas Brooks sailed with the Richard Saltonstall family in 1630, but no confirmation is found in surviving passenger lists in that year or in the published volumes of The Saltonstall Papers. There is an entry in Banks suggesting that Saltonstall servants may have come as early as 1629, as follows:

1629: TALBOT, of London, Thomas Beecher, Master, carrying nineteen pieces of ordnance. Sailed about May 11 from the Isle of Wight, and arrived at Salem July 29, with about one hundred planters. 'We have allso sent some servants in the ship called the Talbot.' Also some 'servants' of Saltonstall and Johnson. She started from Gravesend.

     However, if Thomas Brooks was among the Saltonstall servants reportedly aboard the Talbot, we must ask why there is no record of him in New England until 1636. If an indentured servant, he could not have supported a family during his indenture. If, more plausible, he was a free man in Saltonstall's employ, then he and his family might be expected to have left some trace in records prior to 1636.
     Virkus presents the error that Thomas Brooks of Concord came from England in the Susan and Ellen in 1635. This oft-repeated association of the Concord man with the passenger of 1635, perhaps remotely logical on the face of it — the Susan and Ellen did carry William Buttrick and Rev. Peter Bulkeley, two of Concord's founders — may have originated with Walcott, who published in 1884. However, the Thomas Brooke, 18, who sailed with Richard Brooke, 24, in that year is the Thomas who went to Lynn.8,9,10,11 Rev. Charles Brooks, Virkus and Holmes all report that Thomas had a lot assigned to him at Watertown in 1631. Virkus and Holmes may borrow this unsubstantiated statement from Charles Brooks, the earliest of the three to publish, who provides no source. Watertown's published town records, however, state that no records survive prior to 1636.12,13,14
     John Brooks Threlfall writes, "Thomas and his wife Grace were most probably the Thomas Brooks and Grace Cundelyve/Cundliffe/etc. who were married on 2 February 1617/18 in Manchester Cathedral. At least three of the children they brought with them to New England were born in Old England, tho there is no record of any children there, nor any further record of Thomas and Grace. That they were non-conformists seems obvious from the names they gave their known children, i.e., Mary, Joshua, Caleb and Gershom, all Old Testament names. They needed to be married in the established church of England to contract a legal marriage, but they were not required to have their children baptized there. The fact that there is no further record of the family in Old England strongly suggests that they emigrated."5
     Thomas and Grace Brooks first appear on record in New England at Watertown, Massachusetts, where as a "townsman then inhabiting" he had a grant of lot 26, consisting of 20 acres, in July, 1636.15 He was admitted a freeman of Watertown by the General Court 7 Dec 1636, signifying that he was at least 21 years of age, a property owner, and a member of one of the colony's established churches.16 On 28 February of the following year he received lot 52 in the Beverbroke (Beaver Brook) Plains plowland. Although he had perhaps already removed to Concord, in June 1637 he was awarded an additional four acres in the West Pine meadow at Watertown.15,17
     Settlement of Concord — the 20th plantation to be founded in Massachusetts, and the first situated inland beyond coastal tidewater — had begun immediately following the General Court's charter of 2 Sep 1635, as the first arrivals that fall threw sod roofs onto dugouts excavated in the south side of the ridge which extends from today's town center to Merriam's Corner. In the village's second year, houses were erected as far as the location of the modern bridges in the village.18 In relocating to this raw new plantation, Thomas Brooks became one of a relatively small number of proprietors who would each have a share in the future division of the plantation's remaining undeveloped land. Thus a father could accumulate land of the various types and soils needed to support diversified agriculture and to provide self-sustaining farms for his sons. Watertown, which had been settled six years before Concord, was relatively oversubscribed by 1636 and had already seen disgruntled settlers leave for new lands to divide in Connecticut.19
     4 Dec 1638, Thomas Brooks, "being chosen cunstable for the towne of Concord," took the oath. Inexplicably, the man he was succeeding in that office, Robert/1 Fletcher, was not discharged from office by the General Court until 4 Jun following, "being found not faulty." Thomas Brooks thereafter held the office until 1646.20,21 Over the years 1638–1660 he became a substantial landowner at Concord.12,22
     In 1657, Thomas Broocks and petnors [petitioners] bought for £5, of the commissioners of the General Court, the Concord rights to trade in furs with the Indians, "the Trade to begin from ye 1st of the 5th moth 1657: to pay in Beuer." Shattuck comments:

The fur trade here was once very important. As early as 1641, a company was formed in the colony, of which Major Willard of Concord was superintendent, and had the exclusive right to trade with the Indians in furs and other articles; and for this right they were obliged to pay into the public treasury one twentieth of all the furs they obtained. The right to the fur-trade, in particular districts, was afterwards sold by commissioners of the General Court … Captain Thomas Brooks bought the right in Concord, in 1657, for £5. … The solitary ponds, rivers, and meadows in Concord, were peculiarly the favorite resorts of the beaver and other amphibious animals.23,24

     With Simon Willard and George Wheeler, Thomas Brooks returned the inventory, 16 Nov 1646, of his kinsman by marriage Thomas Atkinson, late of Concord. (Two of Atkinson's daughters married Thomas's son Caleb.)25
     22 Aug 1653, Thomas Brooks was one of a number of Concord signatories to an agreement to contribute an aggregate of £5 yearly to "the colledge at Cambridge," later Harvard College, for a term of seven years. He signed by mark (reproduced above).26 He was named a debtor in the inventory, 9 Nov 1653, of Thomas Flint of Concord.27
     Thomas Brooks was one of nine signers, 7 Mar 1654, of an agreement to divide the town into districts, or "quarters" (though there were only three such "quarters"). In the preliminary document of 2 Mar he is enumerated as a resident of Concord's East Quarter.28 The district was defined thus: The east quarter by there familyes, are from Henry Farweles all eastwards with Thomas Brooke, Ensign Wheeler, Robert Meriam, Georg Meriam, John Adames, Richard Rice. The home lot of Thomas Brooks was on the south side of the millpond which lay in today's town center. His descendants in 1775 occupied contiguous parcels of land in East Concord, about a mile east on the highway to Merriam's corner, where the old Bedford Road turned northeast from what is today Route 2A. These Brooks holdings included what was known in 1775 as Tanner's Brook (today Elm Brook), after a tanning mill erected by Thomas's son Joshua.28
     May 1655, Tho. Brooke was one of six Concord men who returned to the Court an inventory of unclaimed land in the "New Grant" (also called Concord Village), later set off to Acton and portions of Carlisle and Littleton.29
     The will of Thomas Fox (husband of Hannah Brooks, daughter of Thomas's kinsman Henry Brooks of Woburn), 25 Jan 1657/58, names as one of four overseers "my loving uncle Thomas Brooks," who returned the testator's inventory 23 Apr following.30
     In 1660 Thomas bought, with his son-law Capt. Timothy Wheeler, of Dea. Edward Collins, a 400-acre farm at Medford, consisting of land, a house and "some artifacts," for £404 sterling [Midd. Deeds 2:218]. The property they acquired, in which Timothy Wheeler had a one-third interest, fronted on the Mystic River, and was part of the original estate (which Collins had bought) of Matthew Cradock, wealthy London merchant, principal of the London Company, financier of the plantation at Medford, and the man behind the 1630 Winthrop Fleet. This Medford property, which passed to Thomas's eldest son Joshua and thence to Joshua's younger brother Caleb Brooks, remained in the Brooks family until the 1940s. Today the 82.5-acre parcel remaining, known as the Brooks Estate, is owned by the City of Medford. Much of the surrounding municipal property, including the Oak Grove Cemetery, lies on land donated or sold to the town by Caleb's descendants.31,32,33
     21 May 1660, Thomas was one of a committee chosen by the town of Concord to lay out Major Willard's 1,000-acre farm.34
     Grace, wife of Thomas Brooks, died at Concord 22 May 1664.35 Five months later, on 22 Oct, Thomas Brooks sold his Concord house and lot of 10½ acres, situated south of the millpond between the 26 acres of Dea. Robert Merriam and 20 acres belonging to Lt. Joseph Wheeler, to John Wheeler, presumably afterwards living with one of his children.36,37 28 Mar 1667, as a commissioner of Concord, he signed a court document concerning James Hamelton by mark.38
     Thomas Brooks died at Concord 21 May 1667, intestate.39 The male heirs — his three sons and son-in-law Timothy Wheeler — presented an inventory of the estate for probate 16 Jun 1667, and the following day signed an agreement for division of the estate. Joshua, as eldest son, was to have a double portion, the usual custom.

Whereas Thomas Brooks, of Concord, hath left an estate, and the sonnes of the said Thomas not willing to troable the Court have Joyntly agreed that it shall be divided as followeth. First That the Inventory taken by Deacon Mirriam, Deacon Potter, and George Wheeler shall be accounted the full estate of Thomas Brooks. 2ly. wee do agree that Joshua Brooks shall have a full double portion out of the lands at Meadford, and the 3: other sonnes, Capt. Timothy Wheeler, Caleb Brookes, and Gershom Brookes to have equall portions, only Caleb and Gershom are to have the remainder of the said land after Joshua is first accomodated as a part of their portion, and Timothy Wheeler out of the moveable estate, and all to be distributed to them by those 3. partyes that tooke the Inventory; unto whose finall determination we do severally bynd ourselves in a bond of 100£ apeece, to stand unto, as wee do witness by setting of our hands to this present writeing, the 17th of June. 1667.
          In the presence of us. Hugh Mason, Joseph Estabrookes.
          Timothy Wheeler, Joshua Brookes, Caleb Brookes, Gershom Brookes.40,5

     His inventory, by kinsmen Robert Mirriam and Luke Potter and neighbor George Wheeler, was dated 12 Jun 1667, and amounted to £448 3s., with debts of £26 5s. 2d. His three sons and son-in-law presented the inventory for probate on the 18th. It reads as follows.

An inventory of the estate and goodes of Thomas Brookes. Deceased
prised by us whose names are under written
     Impr
[imus] Purs, money, and girdle 000-02-00
     Wearing apparrell, linnen, woollen, hoses, shooes, and hatts 008-17-00
     1. feather bed, 1. bolster, with pillows, blankets, and coverletts, and curtaines 014-10-00
     5. yds greene Kersie 001-15-00
     6. yds ½ English Mohayre 001-04-00
     3. yds broad cloath 001-16-00
     1. muskett and rest 000-10-00
     In linnen 005-16-00
     2. yds ¼ red Serge 000-16-00
     2. Chests, 1 bed cord 001-13-00
     1. bedstead with other things 001-00-00
     In common lands 006-00-00
     In housing and lands at Meadford 230-00-00
     In Rebecka Cuttlers hands widow, a debt of 024-11-07
     A debt mr Russell 004-15-11
     A debt Ralph Houghton 014-08-00
     A debt Jno. Hayward 005-00-00
     A debt Joseph Jencks 003-00-00
     A debt Jno. Slathor 015-10-06
     A debt Jno. Scotchford 003-08-00
     A debt Edmund Wigly 004-10-00
     A debt Richard Hildreth 002-12-06
     A debt Samuel Stratton 001-00-00
     John Wheeler 001-10-00
     In other small things 000-03-06
     A debt Golden Moore 013-18-00
     A sword 000-06-00
                         £ 368-03-00
     A debt Caleb Brooke to pay out of the Mill at winottimie 080-00-00

     The debts of Thomas Brooke deceased to pay
     It
[em]     to mr Edward Bulkly 000-06-00
     It
[em]     to mr Chickery 000-04-06
     It
[em]     to Capt. Timothy Wheeler 000-04-06
     It
[em]     to Robert Mirriam 000-14-06

     George Wheeler          Robert Mirriam          Luke Potter.41,5

     For a groundbreaking multigenerational study of land use and ownership among the Concord families of Brooks, Merriam and Hartwell, see Brian Donahue, The Great Meadow: Farmers and the Land in Colonial Concord (Yale University Press, 2004). I hope to add extractions from the book to these pages as time permits.19

Local Notes:

Appointedfrom 1638 to 1646, Concord, MA1638. | 4 December. | Thom: Brooke, being chosen cunstable for the towne of Concord, did take his oath the 8th 10th mo, 1638.20,21
Appointed13 May 1640, Concord, MAAnd for horses, mares, cowes, oxen, goats, & hoggs, there is a comitte appointed to valewe them in euery towne, wch are required to valewe them under their worth rather than above their worth./42,43
Elected1642, Concord, MAConcord deputy to the General Courts of 1642, 1643, 1644, 1654, and 1659–6244,45
Electedfrom 1643 to 1649, Concord, MACaptain of the Concord trainband company46
Appointed1654, Concord, MA"In 1654, Thomas Brooke, Senior, of Concord, and William Cowdrey, of Reading, were appointed for the County of Middlesex 'to sell wine of any sort and Strong liquors to the Indians, as to their judgments shall seeme most meete and necessary.' The licensed persons were forbidden to deliver to any one Indian more than a pint of liquor at a time, but what was lacking, by reason of this restriction, was more than made up from irresponsible traders, whose cupidity knew no law."47,48,49
Appointedcirca 25 Jan 1663, Concord, MAto a town committee to establish a permanent record of town deeds, with maps of same. Shattuck relates: To the oldest book of records in the clerk's office in Concord is prefixed an account of the proceedings of the town in relation to recording the individual titles to lands, from which it appears, that 'the latter grants of land to particular persons were only written on paper books as granted, and not in a register booke.' The selectmen were desired to consider the expediency of obtaining 'a new booke to record them and all other land that men now doe hold;' and 'the thing tending to pece and preventing of strife,' they desired 'the help herein' of their 'Reverend pastor Mr. Edward Bulkeley, Thomas Brooks, and liff. [lieutenant] Joseph Wheeler, which company sett about it the 25th of Jan. 1663, and at the end of the day, concluded to call a meeting on the 29th of the aforesaid month, to come to a conclusion about transcribing every man's land in a new booke so that it might be for the comfort and peace of ourselves, and posterity after us.50'
Property1660, Medford, MAHe bought, with his son-law Timothy Wheeler, a 400-acre farm in Medford, a remainder of which today [1998] is known as the Brooks Estate, for £404 sterling.

"In 1660 he and his son-in-law, Timothy Wheeler, jointly bought of Edward Collins, for £404, 400 acres in Medford, a house and some artifacts. One third of it was for Wheeler. (Middlesex Deeds 2:118)."

"Thomas Brooke did not remain long at Watertown. He is next heard of in Concord, where he died. But before his death he purchased in connection with his son-in-law a farm in the town of Medford, where the Mystic River was a strong attraction. Henceforth the Brooks family becomes identified with Medford, as Medford is to a large degree identified witth the fortunes of this family, furnishing as it did a never-failing supply of representatives to the General Court, selectmen, also, and heads of committees, town treasurers, and afterwards benefactors in the building of churches and schoolhouses. The history of Medford illustrates the activity of the Brooks family, their sterling integrity, and the admiration and honor in which they were held," says Allen.

Charles Brooks says, "In 1660 he, with his son-in-law, Timothy Wheeler, bought 400 acres of land in Medford, for 404 pounds sterling, which he owned at the time of his death. His farm in Medford was bought of Edward Collins, and thus, probably, a part of the great Cradock estate."

For more on Mathew CRADOCK, the principal of the London Company and the man behind the 1630 settlement expedition of 17 ships, see "History of Medford," p. 532.51,32

Source Citations/Notes:

  1. [S1405] John Brooks Threlfall, Ancestry of my Children, 1024, Thomas Brooke; 2048, Richard Brooke.
  2. [S1405] Threlfall, Ancestry of My Children, 1024, Thomas Brooke; 512, Thomas Brooks.
  3. [S1405] Threlfall, Ancestry of My Children, 2048, Richard Brooke.
  4. Grace Cunliffe's English origins are examined in Massog: A Genealogical Magazine for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 32:73-75
  5. [S1405] Threlfall, Ancestry of My Children, 512, Thomas Brooks.
  6. [S1412] Christopher Hunwick (Manchester, ENG, e-mail address), May 2006.
  7. While a fifth child, Hannah, is sometimes ascribed to Thomas, she was the daughter of Henry/1w Brooks, of Concord and Woburn. The will of Hannah's 1st husband Thomas/1 Fox, 25 Jan 1658, refers to uncle Thomas Brooks. Confirmation of Hannah's parentage is also found in the will of Henry Brooks, 18 Jul 1682, in which Hannah, whose 2nd husband (of three) was Andrew/1 Lester, is called "my daughter Lestor."
  8. [S58] Frederick Adams Virkus, ed., Compendium of American Genealogy, "from Eng. in the 'Susan and Ellen.'"
  9. [S97] Charles Edward Banks, Planters of the Commonwealth, 60 (Talbot), 134 (Susan and Ellen).
  10. [S288] Charles Henry Pope, Pioneers of Massachusetts, 71.
  11. [S1016] Charles H. Walcott, Concord in the Colonial Period, 1.
  12. [S48] Rev. Charles Brooks, History of the Town of Medford, 526.
  13. [S58] Virkus, Comp. Amer. Genealogy, "to Watertown, MA, where he was assigned land, 1631."
  14. [S220] Frank R. Holmes, Ancestral Heads of New England Families, 32–33: "1631."
  15. [S282] John Brooks Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9.
  16. [S222] Lucius R. Paige, "Massachusetts Freemen," 14, Thomas Brooke.
  17. [S303] [Watertown] Lands, Grants, Divisions, Allotments, Possessions and Proprietors' Book, 7, A Grant of the Plowlands at Beverbroke Planes. Hereinafter Watertown Lands.
  18. [S1590] Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Records of the Massachusetts Bay, 1:157.
  19. [S1343] Brian Donahue, The Great Meadow. Farmers and the Land in Colonial Concord.
  20. [S1300] John Gorham Palfrey, History of New England During the Stuart Dynasty, 2:17-18: "Courts, according to their dignity, were attended by the Beadle (afterwards called Marshal) of the Colony, who was appointed by the General Court, and who received a liberal compensation in salary and fees,—or by Constables, who were chosen for a year, first by the General Court, and afterwards by the towns, and who in the early times were taken from among men of property and consequence."
  21. [S1590] Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Recs. of the Massachusetts Bay, 1:248.
  22. [S1300] Palfrey, Hist. New England, 2:17-18.
  23. [S182] Lemuel Shattuck, History of the Town of Concord, 19, 203.
  24. [S1564] Collections of the New Hampshire Historical Society, 3:96, Return of the Commissioners about the Beaver Trade.
  25. [S106] NEHGS Register, "Abstracts from the Earliest Wills on File in the County of Suffolk, Mass." (Jan 1854), 8:57.
  26. [S1756] Charles Henry Pope, Willard Genealogy, "The Concord Subscription," vii-viii. Full particulars of this document may also be found at https://www.colonialsociety.org/node/675
  27. [S106] NEHGS Register, "Abstracts of the Earliest Wills from the Records and Files at East Cambridge, Mass., in the County of Middlesex" (Jan 1862), 16:72-73.
  28. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 33–35.
  29. [S1016] Walcott, Colonial Concord, 51-52.
  30. [S1192] William F. Fox, Thomas Fox of Concord, 12, 59-63, will of Thomas Fox.
  31. [S83] Henry Bond, Watertown Genealogies, 2:721.
  32. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9: "In 1660 he and his son-in-law, Timothy Wheeler, jointly bought of Edward Collins, for £404, 400 acres in Medford, a house and some artifacts. One third of it was for Wheeler. (Middlesex Deeds 2:118)."
  33. [S1300] Palfrey, Hist. New England, 2:55-56: "Fishing led to ship-building. The year after Winthrop's arrival, to help in obtaining supplies of corn from the Indians, he built on Mystic River a bark of thirty tons' burden, which he named the Blessing of the Bay. The next year a vessel of a hundred tons, and a year later another of twice that size, were launched on the same river, at the plantation of Mr. Cradock."
  34. [S1016] Walcott, Colonial Concord, 66.
  35. [S185] Concord, Massachusetts Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1635–1850, 11, Grace Brooke d.
  36. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9: "…the next October he sold his house and lot in Concord to John Wheeler (ibid. 3:169) and presumably went to live with one of his children, for he died in Concord 21 May 1667, intestate."
  37. [S1016] Walcott, Colonial Concord, 87.
  38. [S1272] "Middlesex County Court Files (1649-1675)," online database at NewEnglandAncestors.org.
  39. [S185] Concord BMD, 13, Thomas Brooks d.
  40. [S1300] Palfrey, Hist. New England, 2:29: "Ward's laws of inheritance and of servitude borrowed principles from the Law of Moses. The oldest son of a parent dying intestate was to have 'a double portion of his whole estate, real and personal, unless the General Court, upon just cause alleged, should judge otherwise.'"
  41. [S83] Bond, Watertown Genealogies, 2:719, Thomas Brooks.
  42. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 19, 45 (quoted).
  43. [S1590] Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Recs. of the Massachusetts Bay, 1:167, 295.
  44. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 235, Representatives: "8th Sept., 10th May, 1642, 1643, Thomas Brooks"; 365: "representative seven years…."
  45. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9: "He was representative to the General Court from Concord in 1642–4 and for four years after 1650."
  46. [S83] Bond, Watertown Genealogies, 2:719-20.
  47. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 45, quoted.
  48. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9: "in 1640 he was appointed to prevent drunkenness among the Indians."
  49. [S1016] Walcott, Colonial Concord, 101.
  50. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 36.
  51. [S83] Bond, Watertown Genealogies, 1:721.
  52. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9, 10: "b. about 1632, probably in England."
  53. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9, 10.

Grace/1 Cunliffe

F, #1622, (14 October 1593 - 22 May 1664)
Father*William/a Cunliffe1 b. c 1550
Mother*Elizabeth (–?–)1 b. s 1570, d. c 12 Jun 1605
Appears on charts:Descendants of Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks
Last Edited:5 Apr 2018

Children with Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks:

Concord death record. Courtesy FamilySearch.
Grace/1 Cunliffe, daughter of William/a Cunliffe and Elizabeth (–?–), was baptised 14 Oct 1593 at Manchester Cathedral, Lancashire, England.2 [Torrey and others who call her Wheeler seem to have copied the error of Lemuel Shattuck, the antiquarian (1835) historian of Concord, Massachusetts.] In the same church she married, 2 Feb 1617/18, Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks Jr., "both of this parish."3,4 Four of their children are known to have grown to adulthood and emigrated to New England with their parents, but it is likely that further children were born in the years 1618-1628.5 The parents and four named children sailed by 1636 to New England, where Grace died 22 May 1664 at Concord, Massachusetts6, and Thomas in 1667.7

Source Citations/Notes:

  1. [S1405] John Brooks Threlfall, Ancestry of my Children, 1026, William Cuncliffe.
  2. [S1405] Threlfall, Ancestry of My Children, 512, Thomas Brooks; 1026, William Cuncliffe.
  3. [S1405] Threlfall, Ancestry of My Children, 512, Thomas Brooks.
  4. [S1412] Christopher Hunwick (Manchester, ENG, e-mail address), May 2006.
  5. While a fifth child, Hannah, is sometimes ascribed to Thomas, she was the daughter of Henry/1w Brooks, of Concord and Woburn. The will of Hannah's 1st husband Thomas/1 Fox, 25 Jan 1658, refers to uncle Thomas Brooks. Confirmation of Hannah's parentage is also found in the will of Henry Brooks, 18 Jul 1682, in which Hannah, whose 2nd husband (of three) was Andrew/1 Lester, is called "my daughter Lestor."
  6. [S185] Concord, Massachusetts Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1635–1850, 11, Grace Brooke d.
  7. [S185] Concord BMD, 13, Thomas Brooks d.
  8. [S282] John Brooks Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9.
  9. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9, 10: "b. about 1632, probably in England."
  10. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9, 10.

Dea. Joshua/2a Brooks

M, #1623, (circa 1630 - before 24 August 1697)
Father*Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks1 b. 2 Mar 1594/95, d. 21 May 1667
Mother*Grace/1 Cunliffe1 b. 14 Oct 1593, d. 22 May 1664
Appears on charts:Descendants of Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks
Descendants of Dea. Joshua/2a Brooks
Y-DNA Overlay Chart -- CONCORD line
Last Edited:14 Dec 2017

Children with Hannah/2 Mason:

Dea. Joshua/2a Brooks, eldest son of Thomas Brooks and Grace Cunliffe, was born in England, probably circa 1630. (He gave his age as 31 in a 1662 court deposition, and as 50 in 1679.)2,3 (A possible 1629 baptismal record is considered in a note below.)45
     Of Concord, Massachusetts, by 1638, when his father became constable there, Joshua was admitted a freeman of Concord 26 May 1652.6
     Joshua's father traded with the Indians in furs, and the son grew up to be a tanner of hides at Concord. His tannery probably stood by what came to be known as Tanner's Brook (today's Elm Brook), about a mile east of the town center. Bond conjectures that Joshua learned his trade from his father-in-law, a tanner originally of Suffolk, England.7 Joshua married, 17 Oct 1653 at Watertown, Hannah/2 Mason, daughter of Capt. Hugh/1 Mason and Hester/1 Wells.8 Concord's 1666 tax list records him at his cousin Isaac/2w Brooks's place, in the East District, where his taxes were abated on 11 lots comprising 195 acres.9
     In 1672, he was one of a committee presenting the selectmen with 17 articles of instruction. According to descendant Gertrude Knowlton's 1929 family history, these included That care be taken of the Bodies of Martyrs and other books that belong to the towne, and they be kept from abusive usage and not lent to persons for more than one month at a time. To take order that all corn fields be fenced in season, the crane and bricknell especially. To take care that undesirable persons be not entertained so as to become inhabitants.10,11
     Joshua's father Thomas Brooks died at Concord, intestate, 21 May 1667. The male heirs — three sons and son-in-law Timothy Wheeler — presented an inventory of the estate for probate 16 Jun 1667, and the following day signed an agreement for division of the estate. Joshua, as eldest son, was to have a double portion, the usual custom.

Whereas Thomas Brooks, of Concord, hath left an estate, and the sonnes of the said Thomas not willing to troable the Court have Joyntly agreed that it shall be divided as followeth. First That the Inventory taken by Deacon Mirriam, Deacon Potter, and George Wheeler shall be accounted the full estate of Thomas Brooks. 2ly. wee do agree that Joshua Brooks shall have a full double portion out of the lands at Meadford, and the 3: other sonnes, Capt. Timothy Wheeler, Caleb Brookes, and Gershom Brookes to have equall portions, only Caleb and Gershom are to have the remainder of the said land after Joshua is first accomodated as a part of their portion, and Timothy Wheeler out of the moveable estate, and all to be distributed to them by those 3. partyes that tooke the Inventory; unto whose finall determination we do severally bynd ourselves in a bond of 100£ apeece, to stand unto, as wee do witness by setting of our hands to this present writeing, the 17th of June. 1667.
          In the presence of us. Hugh Mason, Joseph Estabrookes.
          Timothy Wheeler, Joshua Brookes, Caleb Brookes, Gershom Brookes.12,13

     For reasons as yet unascertained, Joshua Brooks became a member of the First Church at Dorchester, Massachusetts. On 22 Oct 1695, the church set aside its regular lecture day to ordain Joseph Lord, a 1691 graduate of Harvard College, as pastor of a new church gathered that day to carry the gospel to Carolina. Among the eight missionary congregants who made the journey were Joshua Brooks and his son-in-law Simon/2 Dakin.14
     Joshua's death, which occurred before 24 Aug 1697, when an estate proceeding was recorded, is not of record. He apparently died either in South Carolina or aboard ship bound back to the Bay Colony.15

Exhibits.
     More on: The Dorchester Group in Carolina.16
     More on: The group's settlement of Dorchester, SC, and Midway, GA.17

Local Notes:

ElectedConcord, MA"He was a captain in the militia and a deacon in the church," says Threlfall.1
Property11 Nov 1695, Concord, MA"On 11 Nov. 1695, with consent of his wife, [Joshua] sold his Concord lands by four deeds to his sons Noah, Daniel, Joseph and Job. Each deed described several parcels, all of which were in the same area and were bound by lands of these four brothers. He and Hannah both signed by mark. Noah paid £59, Daniel £59, Joseph £50, and Job £35," says Threlfall.1

Source Citations/Notes:

  1. [S282] John Brooks Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9.
  2. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9: "b. probably about 1630 in England."
  3. [S1515] Melinde Lutz Sanborn, Index to the Deponent Records of the County of Middlesex, Massachusetts, 1649-1700, Joshua Brooks, 1662 & 1679.
  4. A baptismal register page scan, found in Ancestry.com's “West Yorkshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials 1512-1812" compilation, and reproduced here (see the camera icon in the text above), appears to include a son of Thomas Brooks of Harton baptised 13 Sep 1629 at Bradford, West Yorkshire. Google calculates today's road distance from Bradford to Manchester, where Joshua's father was baptised and married, as 38.3 miles. Harton is an additional 52.4 road miles northeast on the same vector. Ancestry's index to this page deciphers the child's name as Joshua, which I find a stretch. But if "Joshua" is correctly read, is this the son of Thomas and Grace Brooks? While the date is certainly suggestive, the distances between the various locations would have made such a trip a considerable undertaking, as David Davis, who was kind enough to forward this snippet to me, points out.
  5. [S2043] David Davis, personal communication, 17 Nov 2017, citing Ancestry compilation “West Yorkshire, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials 1512-1812,” and attaching a screen shot.
  6. [S222] Lucius R. Paige, "Massachusetts Freemen," 22, Joshua Brooke, Conc.
  7. [S83] Henry Bond, Watertown Genealogies, 2:720: "It is conjectured that he learned his trade of Capt. Mason, and, soon after, married his daughter."
  8. [S254] Watertown Records, 16, Joshuah Brooks/Hannah Mafon m.
  9. [S182] Lemuel Shattuck, History of the Town of Concord, 37, 1666 tax list.
  10. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 45.
  11. [S1491] Gertrude I. Knowlton, "The Brooks Family," 5.
  12. [S1300] John Gorham Palfrey, History of New England During the Stuart Dynasty, 2:29: "Ward's laws of inheritance and of servitude borrowed principles from the Law of Moses. The oldest son of a parent dying intestate was to have 'a double portion of his whole estate, real and personal, unless the General Court, upon just cause alleged, should judge otherwise.'"
  13. [S1405] John Brooks Threlfall, Ancestry of my Children, 512, Thomas Brooks.
  14. [S1052] Records of the First Church at Dorchester, in New England, 1636–1734, 108-110.
  15. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 10: "Thus all the children were named [in the sale of Job's share of Joshua's estate, 24 Aug 1697 deed] except Elizabeth who was then living in South Carolina. Therefore, Joshua died sometime in 1696 or 1697."
  16. [S1054] Ann Natalie Hansen, The Dorchester Group: Puritanism and Revolution, 94-99.
  17. [S1053] Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society, History of the Town of Dorchester, Massachusetts, ch. xii, pp. 261-266.
  18. [S148] Findagrave.com, memorial #20670785.
  19. [S36] James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary, 1:261: Brooks, "John, 1657."
  20. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 10.
  21. [S185] Concord, Massachusetts Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1635–1850, 9, Grace Brooks b.
  22. [S185] Concord BMD, 11, Danill Brooks b.
  23. [S185] Concord BMD, 12, Thomas Brooks b.; 15, d.
  24. [S185] Concord BMD, 14, Esther Brooks b.
  25. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 12.
  26. [S185] Concord BMD, 16, Elizabeth Brooks b.
  27. [S185] Concord BMD, 20, Job Brooks b.
  28. [S185] Concord BMD, 20, Hugh Brooks b.

Hannah/2 Mason

F, #1624, (23 September 1636 - )
Father*Capt. Hugh/1 Mason1 b. 23 Mar 1605/6, d. 10 Oct 1678
Mother*Hester/1 Wells1 b. 21 Jul 1611, d. 21 May 1692
Appears on charts:Descendants of Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks
Descendants of Dea. Joshua/2a Brooks
Last Edited:26 Sep 2017

Children with Dea. Joshua/2a Brooks:

Hannah/2 Mason was born 23 Sep 1636 at Watertown, Massachusetts1, where she married, 17 Oct 1653, Dea. Joshua/2a Brooks of Concord, son of Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks and Grace/1 Cunliffe.2 Her father's will, dated 3 Feb 1677/78 and revised five days later, left daughter Hannah Brooks £20.3
     I do not find the record of her death. Torrey gives a date of 1692, which is impossible given her participation in the 1695 transfer of property to their sons.4

Local Notes:

Property11 Nov 1695, Concord, MA"On 11 Nov. 1695, with consent of his wife, [Joshua] sold his Concord lands by four deeds to his sons Noah, Daniel, Joseph and Job. Each deed described several parcels, all of which were in the same area and were bound by lands of these four brothers. He and Hannah both signed by mark. Noah paid £59, Daniel £59, Joseph £50, and Job £35," says Threlfall.5

Source Citations/Notes:

  1. [S254] Watertown Records, 4, Hannah Mafon b.
  2. [S254] Watertown Records, 16, Joshuah Brooks/Hannah Mafon m.
  3. [S1304] Edna Warren Mason, Descendants of Capt. Hugh Mason, 20-21.
  4. [S221] Clarence Almon Torrey, New England Marriages, 103, Joshua Brooks/Hannah Mason.
  5. [S282] John Brooks Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9.
  6. [S148] Findagrave.com, memorial #20670785.
  7. [S36] James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary, 1:261: Brooks, "John, 1657."
  8. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 10.
  9. [S185] Concord, Massachusetts Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1635–1850, 9, Grace Brooks b.
  10. [S185] Concord BMD, 11, Danill Brooks b.
  11. [S185] Concord BMD, 12, Thomas Brooks b.; 15, d.
  12. [S185] Concord BMD, 14, Esther Brooks b.
  13. [S282] Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 12.
  14. [S185] Concord BMD, 16, Elizabeth Brooks b.
  15. [S185] Concord BMD, 20, Job Brooks b.
  16. [S185] Concord BMD, 20, Hugh Brooks b.