"Both these companies of guards were raised by the State of Connecticut for the protection of the coast lying on Long Island sound between New Haven & New York, and during my one year's services therein, I drew my pay & rations regularly from said State — we often drove off enemy's boats and prevented their crews from landing & plundering our inhabitants, and once I recollect during my said service, two armed Brigs of the enemy with regular troops on board, after having landed at West Haven (about 13 miles East of Stratford) and taking prisoners there, came to Stratford Point the same day, landed their regulars when the said company of guards rallied all the force they could & charged the enemy and drove them off —."2

Capt. John/5f Brooks

M, #31211, (3 November 1763 - 1861)
Father*John/4f Brooks1 b. 9 Oct 1739, d. 22 Oct 1788
Mother*Dorothy/5 Birdsey1 b. 10 Aug 1742, d. Sep 1834
Appears on charts:Descendants of John/1f Brooks
Descendants of Benjamin/2f Brooks
Descendants of John/3f Brooks
Descendants of John/4f Brooks
Custom index:Revolutionary War
Last Edited:25 Aug 2017

Children with Mary (Polly) Coe:

Signature of John Brooks from his pension file.
Capt. John/5f Brooks III was born 3 Nov 1763 at Stratford, Connecticut, in that part of the town which became Bridgeport.1 He married Mary (Polly) Coe, daughter of Ebenezer Coe and Sarah Backus, according to a family Bible which records that on 25 Nov 1787, they "solemnized their earlier commitment."3,4 His house, built in 1787 on what is now Pembroke St., East Bridgeport, was donated by his descendants and moved to the grounds of the Discovery Museum and Planetarium, 4450 Park Avenue, Bridgeport.5,6 Probably the same John Brooks whose 1790 census household at Stratford included himself and two females (wife Polly and daughter Sally)7, he married (2), 1817 [newspaper announcement dated 21 Oct] at Bridgeport, Maria Hawley.8
     25 Jul 1832, John Brooks, a. 68, made an affidavit to qualify for a Revolutionary soldier's pension.

In the latter part of August or beginning of September 1779, I enlisted in a company of guards commanded by Capt. James Burton and stationed at Stratford Point (on Long Island sound and about 20 miles from Long Island), and about 4 miles from the principal village in Stratford, amd served therein faithfully three months until I was discharged in December following — About the 1st of March 1781, I again enlisted for nine months in a company of guards under the command of Capt. Robert Walker, Lieutenant John Benjamin and Ensign Isaac Brown, all which officers had borne commissions in the continental army of the United States, — The two first named were from Col. Lamb's Regiment of artillery, and Ensign Brown from the infantry, but from what regiment I cannot recall, but think it was from Col: Webb's, — I served out my said term of nine months faithfully, & until I was discharged in Demember 1781 — All the above officers have been dead long since. This guard was organized & entered upon duty early in March 1781 and continued in active service under the strictest discipline until sometime in December following — Both these companies of guards were raised by the State of Connecticut for the protection of the coast lying on Long Island sound between New Haven & New York, and during my one year's services therein, I drew my pay & rations regularly from said State — we often drove off enemy's boats and prevented their crews from landing & plundering our inhabitants, and once I recollect during my said service, two armed Brigs of the enemy with regular troops on board, after having landed at West Haven (about 13 miles East of Stratford) and taking prisoners there, came to Stratford Point the same day, landed their regulars when the said company of guards rallied all the force they could & charged the enemy and drove them off — Capt Joseph Walker, now deceased, Aid de camp to Genl. Parsons, happening at that time to be at home on furlough, volunteered to take command of our company & other citizens who joined us, and did command the party. I was born in Stratford in the year 1763, and always resided there until 1821, since which I have resided at said Bridgeport, which was formerly a part of said town of Stratford … The whole of my service at said two periods was one year.2

His name was subsequently added to the roll of Connecticut pensioners at the rate of $40/yr., effective 4 Mar 1831. His pension certificate was issued 7 Jul 1833 and sent to John Brooks, Bridgeport.2 In addition to his pension, he was awarded bounty land warrant 26157.2
     John Brooks, of Fairfield County, 96 years, is mentioned in "a list of Revolutionary Soldiers supposed to be living, and pensioners on the roll of the state of Connecticut," published in the Albany (NY) Evening Journal 16 Aug 1859.9 He died in 1861, "aged 97 years."10
     "Capt. John Brooks, Jr. was born in East Bridgeport in the area known as New Pasture Point. Following in the footsteps of his father, Brooks captained a sloop at the age of 18 and later commanded steamboats most of his life. It was through the efforts of John Brooks Jr., who served as city alderman and twice as mayor of Bridgeport, that the harbor of Bridgeport was finally deepened. Brooks also worked to obtain a lighthouse for the city."11

Census Detail:

1790Stratford, CTMALES: One over 16
FEMALES: Two7

Source Citations/Notes:

  1. [S1461] Jacquelyn Ladd Ricker, The Ricker Compilation, Stratford VR, John Brooks b.
  2. [S2280] John Brooks, Revolutionary pension file M804/124/548/S23557.
  3. [S508] Frederick William Bailey, Early Connecticut Marriages, Stratford Cong. Church, John Brooks/Polly Coe m. __ Nov 1787.
  4. [S951] Paul Audley (Bridgeport, CT, e-mail address), research shared with the author, 2003, personal communication, Mar 2003: "'solemnized their earlier commitment' in a ceremony on Nov 25, 1787."
  5. [S951] Paul Audley, personal communication, Mar 2003.
  6. [S1038] Mary K. Witkowski, Bridgeport on the Sound, 21, photo and caption.
  7. [S1790] 1790 U.S. Census, Stratford, Fairfield, CT, M637/1/230, John Brooks.
  8. [S59] Connecticut Courant, 21 Oct 1817, p. 3.
  9. [S1133] James J. Nolan, transc. Albany (NY) Evening Journal, 16 Aug 1859.
  10. [S1555] Rev. Samuel Orcutt, History of Stratford and Bridgeport, Genealogies, 1165, John (8.).
  11. [S1038] Witkowski, Bridgeport on the Sound, 22, photo and caption.
  12. [S951] Paul Audley, citing family bible of Capt. John Brooks.