Francis/1 Wyman

M, #3450, (2 May 1617 - 28 November 1699)
Father*Francis/a Wymant1 b. 1594
Custom index:Baptists of Early Massachusetts & West Jersey
Last Edited:24 Aug 2017

Children with Abigail/2 Reed:

  • Judith/2 Wyman15 b. 29 Sep 1652, d. 22 Dec 1652
  • Francis/2 Wyman16 b. circa 1654, d. 26 Apr 1676
  • William/2 Wyman17 b. circa 1656, d. 1705
  • Abigail/2 Wyman+15 b. circa 1659, d. 17 Sep 1720
  • Timothy/2 Wyman18 b. 15 Sep 1661, d. 1709
  • Joseph/2 Wyman15 b. 9 Nov 1663, d. 24 Jul 1714
  • Sgt. Nathaniel/2 Wyman15 b. 25 Nov 1665, d. 8 Dec 1717
  • Samuel/2 Wyman19,20 b. 29 Nov 1667, d. 17 May 1725
  • Thomas/2 Wyman15 b. 1 Apr 1671, d. 4 Sep 1731
  • Benjamin/2 Wyman21 b. 25 Aug 1674, d. 19 Dec 1735
  • Stephen/2 Wyman15 b. 2 Jun 1676, d. 19 Aug 1676
  • Judith/2 Wyman+15 b. 15 Jan 1678/79, memorial #7849471. Photo by Rick Weaver.
Francis/1 Wyman was born 2 May 1617 at Westmill, Hertfordshire, and there baptised 24 Feb 1619.2 A subscriber, 18 Dec 1640, to the first town orders of Woburn, Massachusetts3, there he married (1), 30 Jan 1644/45, Judith Peirce, with whom he had no issue.4 There he married (2), 2 Oct 1650, Abigail/2 Reed, daughter of William/1 Reed and Mabel (–?–), with whom he had 12 children.5 He was admitted a freeman 6 May 1657.6
     "In Dec. 1677, George Polly, the wife of John Wilson, Senior, John Wilson, Junior, Timothy Brooks, Francis Wyman, Aaron Cleveland and Hopestill Foster are admonished and sentenced to pay costs of court for 'frequent absenting themselves from the public worship of God on the Lord's days.'—Middlesex County Court Records, Vol. III., page 205…In Dec. 1677, Capt. John Carter and Lieut. William Johnson are allowed ten shillings apiece for attending the courts to give in evidence against the 'Anna baptists.'—Middlesex County Court Records, Vol. III., page 207. Several of these persons were again summoned to court and fined for similar violations of law in 1679."7,8
     Francis Wyman died at Woburn 28 [g.s; 30, town rec.] Nov 1699, a. 829, and is interred in the First Burial Ground.10
     "Francis Wyman, an original settler of Woburn, and a tanner, had his dwelling and tanning establishment in Wyman's Lane, etc. (Sewall's History, 655); married Judith Peirce and Abigail Reed (ibid., 653); was selectman, 1674, 1675; and partial to the sentiments of the Baptists (ibid., 156, 579). (See NEHGR, 64:156, for place whence he sprung in England.)"11

     "In at least one case, it is known that the northern part of a family which bridged both north and south Woburn had slaves. That family is the Wymans. One of the immigrant founders of the family in America, Francis Wyman (1619-1688), left "a Negro girl named Jebyna" to his wife in his will. Nearly a century later, four Wyman households in Woburn had one "servant for life" each. None of these apparently were in South Woburn; however, a check of one year does not rule out the possibility of South Woburn slaver-owners at other times.12
     "Certain [slave] owners—Wymans, Collinses, and Hemans—appear to have concentrated on slaves as laborers; four of these owners lived in Woburn. Although pregnant Negroes were not above false accusations of wealthy white males, they were also more vulnerable to white pressure. One case suggests the kind of pressure slave women might be subjected to.
     "The light complexion and straight brown hair of the child born in 1685 to Joanna Negro, servant to Francis Wyman of Woburn, lent credence to the rumors in the town that Joseph Carter, a married man, rather than Samson Negro his father's slave, was the father. William Johnson's magisterial examination of Joanna on 13 April 1686 records her changed, postpartum accusation of Joseph Carter.

He gott her with child in the dyke nere the well and it was when … the generale trayning was at boston and … his wife was gon to Reading and as soone as he had dun he bid her laye it to Samson Captain Carters Negro man and about two months after … he brought Savin [an abortifacient] to her and said she might take that and it wold kill the child … and further he bid her smother the child as soone as it was borne and that she might smother it when she was in extremity … if she layd it to him he wold sett the divel to worke upon her and … she should never have a quiet life againe.

     "Her naming of Samson was 'because [Joseph Carter's] wife was her midwife and might hurt her.' Because Joseph denied paternity, the court sentenced only Joanna. The Carter family, however, had bitter years ahead. Joseph died shortly after the case, and in May 1692 his widow and eldest daughter, both called Bethia, were accused during the Salem witchcraze and imprisoned in Woburn.
     "…The one mitigating factor which can be recovered in a few cases is that the men involved were unhappily married: … Joseph Carter to a wife suspected of witchcraft."13

Local Notes:

Appointed23 May 1666, Concord, MAOn that same day he was appointed together with Mr. Edward Collins and Captain Richard Beers to resolve a boundary dispute between Billerica and Woburn. They were also tasked to lay out 500 acres in response to a petition from Francis and John Wyman. On 10 Oct 1666, the committee reported the land laid out and the boundaries set. The General Court deemed this acceptable, but the matter did not rest. Later, the committee, without Edward Collins, but otherwise augmented, recommended that the Wymans contribute equally to the support of both Billerica and Woburn."14

Source Citations/Notes:

  1. [S318] Thomas Bellows Wyman, Charlestown Estates, 2:1057: Wyman, John [2.].
  2. [S412] John Wyman, "Wyman Genealogy," Francis Wyman.
  3. [S522] Samuel Sewall, The History of Woburn, 2:529-530, Appendix No. 1.
  4. [S210] Edward P. Johnson, Woburn Records, 3:313, Francis Wyman/Judith Pierce m.
  5. [S210] Johnson, Woburn Records, 3:314, Francis Wyman/Abigail Reed m.
  6. [S222] Lucius R. Paige, "Massachusetts Freemen," p. 24: Francis Weyman.
  7. [S210] Johnson, Woburn Records, 3:55, footnote to Cleveland.
  8. [S522] Samuel Sewall, Hist. Woburn, 1:168.
  9. [S210] Johnson, Woburn Records, 2:213, Francis Wyman d.
  10. [S148], memorial #7849471.
  11. [S210] Johnson, Woburn Records, 4:11: Francis Wyman, epitaph 23 & note.
  12. [S1290] Ellen Knight, "Slavery Was Part of Winchester History," Daily Times Chronicle, Winchester Edition (24 Feb 2000). Hereinafter "Slavery."
  13. [S1755] Roger Thompson, Sex in Middlesex, 107-08, 139.
  14. [S354] Raymond David Wheeler, The Wheeler Genealogy, 1:67-68.
  15. [S522] Samuel Sewall, Hist. Woburn, 2:653.
  16. [S412] "Wyman Genealogy.
  17. [S522] Samuel Sewall, Hist. Woburn, 2:653-4.
  18. [S412] "Wyman Genealogy," Timothy Wyman.
  19. [S210] Johnson, Woburn Records, 4:23, Samuel Wyman, epitaph 89 & note.
  20. [S210] Johnson, Woburn Records, 1:285, Samuel Wyman b.
  21. [S210] Johnson, Woburn Records, 1:285, Benjamin Wyman b.