Founded 1762. || Chesterfield, Mass. Hampshire co. A township of rough, elevated land, 97 miles W. from Boston, and 11 W.N.W. from Northampton; watered by a branch of Westfield river. It has a good water power, 1 woolen mill, 2 tanneries, some curious minerals, and a water course, worn very deep through solid rock. Population, 1837, 1,158. — There were sheared in Chesterfield, in 1837, 7,100 sheep, producing 20,800 pounds wool, valued at $12,480. A noble example. — John Hayward, The New England Gazetteer, 1839.